What is ADHD?
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental- (This means they affect the nervous system to the brain)- disorder that can cause above-normal levels of hyperactive and impulsive behaviors. People with ADHD may also have trouble focusing their attention on a single task or sitting still for long periods of time. Both Children and adults can have ADHD.
ADHD is diagnosed depending on the behaviors that are present.
You can be diagnosed with inattentive, hyperactive-impulsive or combined type ADHD.
Inattentive Type ADHD
People with inattentive ADHD usually show the following behaviours,
- extreme difficulty focusing,
- finishing tasks,
- following instructions,
- Forgetting important things,
- Losing or misplacing items frequently,
- May seem to daydream often.
Experts also think that many children with the inattentive type of ADHD may not receive a proper diagnosis because they don’t tend to disrupt the classroom. This type is most common among girls with ADHD
Hyperactive and Impulsive ADHD
People with Hyperactive ADHD usually display these behaviours,
- Unusual amount of energy, doctors describe it as ‘being driven by a motor’,
- Difficulty sitting or being still, even when its evident that it is required (in school, or formal situations)
- Difficulty in being quiet, even when asked.
- Trouble regulating emotions, causing extreme swings in emotions, as the emotions are felt stronger than in people without ADHD, this is not a symptom required for diagnosis, but a major symptom of hyperactive ADHD
- Restless and fidgety.
- Trouble with waiting your turn, or interrupting people when they’re talking.
- Racing Thoughts/Noisy mind.
COMBINED TYPE ADHD
Combined type ADHD is when the person has symptoms from both inattentive and hyperactive ADHD types.
Treatment for ADHD.
There are many different types of treatment for helping to deal with the symptoms of ADHD, and every person will need a tailored plan of treatment depending on how severe their ADHD is.
Some of the most common forms of treatment are
- Medications (Such as methylphenidate and lisdexamfetamine)
- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
- Behaviour Therapy
If you think you may have ADHD, the first thing to do is to talk to your GP.
Links to Help